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Technology

Discover a unique combination of performance and safety, built around the original concept of Subaru All-Wheel Drive. Only Subaru's radical combination of engine and drivetrain design can deliver such world class refinement on the road.

"It all starts with the philosophy that a driver should be in control and that comes from a unique blending of increased traction, performance and safety engineering. Altogether, that makes Subaru vehicles distinctly different from everything else on the road."

Almost all our models are built with the Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive for a stable performance, and quick response even on the most unforgiving terrain. Drivers feel more in control, enjoying a smoother driving experience every time.

Subaru Technology

The AWD Advantage

At the heart of every Subaru is the AWD system, making the whole package highly efficient - providing very precise steering response in corners, as well as surefooted stability when travelling at high speeds and in bad weather. It is this level of balance and predictability, centred on Subaru's hallmark AWD, which gives agility and response beyond the capabilities of conventional AWD systems. That's why Subaru has championed this key technology for decades.

Symmetrical AWD's balance is mainly due to longitudinally mounted components, with almost total side-to-side symmetry. Engines are mounted low down, while most heavy items (like the transmission) are further back, within the wheelbase. So, not only is weight balanced laterally, but the centre of gravity lies ideally between front and rear wheels.

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Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive

Subaru Boxer

Subaru's Horizontally-Opposed Engines are what make the whole drivetrain layout possible. The key to this flat engine configuration is that its opposing pistons effectively balance out each others' vibrations. The Boxer engine is compact, lightweight and very rigid. In turn, this lets us fit the engine way down in the chassis, to give that very low centre of gravity. The built-in benefits of the 'Boxer' engine have proved to Subaru (and Subaru owners) that this is the one true way to harness performance and ally it with remarkable drivability.

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Subaru Boxer

Transmission

Torque Distribution System

Whether it's tackling a gravel-strewn FIA WRC special stage, or simply running into standing water on tarmac, keeping your car stable by getting the best possible traction is vital. That's where the technology of our torque distribution system sets Subaru apart from conventional 4-wheel drive set-ups. Evolved from the very outset specifically for Symmetrical AWD, it actively distributes engine torque to individual wheels - not just to front or rear axles, as some others do. In fractions of a second, our smart system automatically adjusts the amount of torque, giving maximum grip and stability wherever and whenever it's needed - not only in extreme conditions, but in everyday driving. The result is dynamic handling that feels truly intuitive, making the car behave like an extension of the driver's body and mind. So, even when road conditions change unexpectedly, torque distribution plays a crucial role in achieving the goal of stability and control.

Transmission

Limited Slip Differential (LSD)

At the very core of this complement to AWD stability is Subaru's centre limited slip differential. A sophisticated mechanism controls torque distribution and limits tyre slip pro-actively, rather than reactively, depending on the different surfaces you encounter along your journey. This real time adjustment makes sure that a Subaru always uses its AWD traction and stability to the full. But it's not just for slippery and adverse conditions either. So, while you may never see our central differential in the flesh, it's very reassuring to know that this marriage of technology and mechanical engineering is constantly working with all the other Subaru technologies, to keep your car more stable, and you safer.

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